(1) Infringement in itself – does not require further study of the actual impact of the practice on the market or the intentions of the persons involved in the practice (i.e. horizontal market sharing or customer allocation agreements). Since the beginning of the liberalisation of the electronic communications sector in the 1990s, competition law has played a key role, notably through the adoption of decisions and legislative provisions on the basis of Article 106 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”) in conjunction with Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. Today, the sectoral rules governing the electronic communications sector are still largely based on competition concepts such as market definition, significant market position and remedies. EU case law defines horizontally “cooperation between two or more actual or potential competitors” and vertically as “cooperation between undertakings operating at different levels of the production or distribution chain”. [2] At this stage of the analysis, the COURTS OF THE US and EU define horizontal and vertical cooperation very similarly. In the United States, horizontal cooperation is also generally defined as restrictions imposed by agreements between competitors and vertical restraints imposed by agreements between undertakings at different levels of a distribution chain. [3] Given that Regulation No 330/2010 of 20 April 2010 on vertical agreements expires on 31 May 2022, it is appropriate to consider what it should do with it from that date. The Commission has just published a 233-page evaluation on the basis of which it will decide whether or not to decide on this evaluation (…) (2) Breaches of the rule of reason – a set of circumstances in which it is asked whether cooperation promotes or suppresses competition in the market (i.e.

vertical non-price restraints, for example. B where a reseller can sell). Decision concerning the complaints of SERKO LTD* Subject: Decision of the Greek Competition Commission concerning the complaints of the company “SERKO LTD SCIENTIFIC – ELECTRONIC MACHINERY (Imports – Representations – Service)” for alleged infringements of Articles 1 and 2 (…) It is known that a total ban on online sales is a fundamental restriction on passive selling and is qualified as a formal restriction of competition. This was clearly stated by the European Commission in its 2010 guidelines and by the Court of Justice of the European Communities (ECJ) in the (…) This section selects books on topics related to competition law and economics. . . .