But both the United States and the USSR wanted cooperation on their own terms. Despite the Yalta Accords, the Cold War scene was prepared in a few months – the struggle between the two new superpowers that divided the globe into ideological camps for decades. Mr Churchill, despite the agreements, was deeply concerned about the situation in Eastern Europe. He asked his troops and Americans to move as far east as possible before the end of the war. The final agreement stipulated that “the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.” [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] The first reaction to the Yalta Accords was solemn. Roosevelt and many other Americans saw this as proof that the spirit of US-Soviet war cooperation would be transmitted until the post-war period. But this feeling was only short-lived. With the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt on April 12, 1945, Harry S. Truman became the 33rd President of the United States. At the end of April, the new government clashed with the Soviets over its influence in Eastern Europe and the United Nations.

Concerned about the lack of cooperation felt by the Soviets, many Americans began to criticize the way Roosevelt negotiated the Yalta negotiations. To this day, many of Roosevelt`s critics accuse him of “ceding” Eastern Europe and Northeast Asia to the Soviet Union at Yalta, although the Soviets made many substantial concessions. Washington, 24 March – The text of the agreements reached at the Crimean Conference (Yalta) between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Generalissimo Stalin, as published today by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, follows the following text: with regard to Poland, Yalta`s report specifies that the provisional government should “be obliged to hold free and unimpeded elections as soon as possible , on the basis of universal suffrage and secret balloting.” [18] The agreement could not mask the importance of adhering to the short-term pro-Soviet control of the Lublin government and eliminating the language that requires supervised elections. [19] Allied leaders arrived in Yalta because they knew that an Allies` victory in Europe was almost inevitable, but that they were less convinced that the Pacific War was approaching.